Coal has been a reliable source of energy for many decades. However, coal produces higher amounts of carbon emissions than any other form of electricity generation. A new technology called Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is being developed to remove up to 90% of the waste carbon dioxide from power station emissions and store it underground. CCS could be an important way to cut emissions and meet international low carbon targets.
Since 2000, global coal consumption has grown faster than any other fuel. In 2014, the five largest coal consumers were China, USA, India, Russia and Japan. These countries accounted for 77.9% of total global coal use according to the IEA’s Coal Information document published in 2015.
In the UK, according to the Digest of the United Kingdom’s Energy Statistics, approximately 30% of electricity supply in 2014 came from coal- fired power stations. In November 2015 the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change announced proposals, subject to consultation, to close the remaining coal-fired power stations by 2025.
Working coal powered stations
- Aberthaw B – Owned by RWE
- Cottam – Owned by EDF
- Drax – Owned by Drax
- Eggborough – Owned by Eggborough
- Fiddlers Ferry – Owned by SSE
- Ratcliffe – Owned by Uniper
- Rugeley –Owned by Engie
- Uskmouth – Owned by SSE
- West Burton A – Owned by EDF